Blood borne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacterias that are carried in blood or body fluid and can cause disease in people, including, Hepatitis B (HBV), AIDS and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Blood borne pathogens can be transmitted through contact with infected human blood and other potentially infectious body fluids.
Occupation Exposure can occur through :
1. Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps.
2. Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected skin and infected body fluids.
3. Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluid.
In an emergency situation involving blood or potentially infectious materials, always use Universal Precautions and try to to minimize your exposure by wearing gloves, splash goggles, pocket mouth to mouth resuscitation masks, and other barrier devices.
If you are exposed:
1. Wash the exposed area thoroughly with soap and running water. Use non-abrasive, anti-bacterial soap if possible. If the blood is splashed in the eye or mucous membrane, flush the affected area with running water for at least 15 minutes.
2. Take a blood test and Hepatitis B vaccination.
3. Tell your doctor the source individual. Try to get the individual blood tested as soon as possible for HIV or HBV after consent is obtained.
Anytime there is blood-to-blood contact with infected blood or body fluids, there is slight potential for transmission.
Unbroken skin forms an impervious barrier against blood borne pathogens. However, infected blood can enter your system through:
Open sores, cuts, abrasions, acne, and any sort of damaged skin such as sun burns or blisters, damaged or open wounds.
Always take precaution and treat all human body fluids and items soiled with human body fluids as contaminated. With contaminated, always first thing to do is to disinfect all spills of body fluid and pre-soak all contaminated clothing.