All You Need to Know About Petroleum Products.
In simple terms, petroleum products are organic matter, which is produced by refining crude oil. The majority of petroleum is turned into petroleum products. They are composite mixtures, which include many groups of fuel. Crude oil that is extracted from geological sources comprises of a combination of multiple hydrocarbons. As such, this crude oil must undergo an elaborate refining process to separate it into different forms of hydrocarbons. In addition, refining will convert some of the hydrocarbons into desired products. This article is about some petroleum products from the oil refining process.
There are various end products from oil refining, some of which are going to be explored in this article. We begin with vacuum gas oil (VGO) as an oil refining product. VGO is a vital transitional raw material, which can raise the output of some great fuels. Some of the fuels whose performance is refined by the addition of VGO include gasoline and diesel. Vacuum distillation is often used to recover gas oil from residual oil. During this distillation process the residual oil is baked at high temperatures in a vacuum.
The vacuum is used to bring down the boiling temperature of the oil. As such, distillation is carried out in temperatures, which are not possible in atmospheric distillation. This process segregates heavy and light gas oil into distinct parts, and a vacuum residuum remains behind. This light fragment of VGO is therefore known as light vacuum gas oil (LVGO).
EG also ethylene glycol is another organic compound, which will be explored. Natural gas is used to manufacture this petroleum product; ethylene glycol. Ethylene glycol is commonly used as a raw material for two processes. First and foremost ethylene glycol is employed in the manufacture of antifreeze formulations. Secondarily, it is put to use in the manufacture of polyester fibers. Moreover, this liquid is uncolored and unscented. If mixed with water, ethylene glycol makes the freezing point of water lower than zero. During the production of polyester, ethylene glycol is a vital precursor. It is for example used to produce plastic bottles used for soft drinks when converted to a suitable form.
In conclusion, as said before, ethylene glycol is very toxic especially to animals and humans. Its sweet taste allures motile living things. The moment it is ingested into the body it is changed into the toxic oxalic acid that is poisonous is huge quantities. In that case, it is recycled to limit its harm. Vacuum distillation is used in ethylene glycol recycling. Ethylene glycol mixture that is worn out is evaporated in a heat exchanger to remove dirt.
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